The Hammond Typewriter first appeared on the market in 1884 as the first alternative to the Remington Standard. It featured a type-shuttle, which could be easily switched to foreign language boards. The hammer struck the paper from behind, unlike most other machines. The key layout was named, the “Ideal Keyboard” as opposed to the common, QWERTY. At the heart of the Hammond is a turret of semi-circular pins that are pushed when a key is pressed.
The Hammond 1 appeared on the market as the third machine available for consumers. It followed Remington and Caligraph.
1905 saw the introduction of the Hammond 12. The major change in the 12 was a ribbon vibrator, which raised the ribbon when a key was pressed. This allowed the typist to see what was being typed as it was typed.
1913 saw the introduction of the Multiplex which allowed for easier switching of type-shuttles. By the time of the Multiplex’s introduction, Hammond was nearing the end of its run as a viable machine producer. The “Ideal Keyboard” had lost the fight to the QWERTY board, and Hammond declined in popularity. A switch to the QWERTY board did little, if anything to slow the demise of the Hammond Typewriter.